How To 101 – 5 Easy Ways (Updated Guide for 2022)

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Below you can find out 5 different methods to 101,

Method 1 – Tig Welding 101: An All Inclusive Introduction To Gtaw (Everlast Powertig 200Dv)

Welcome to worldcom and teaching for a long and in that time ive noticed a lot of people that come. To us for boot camps for procedure work makes them pretty common mistakes today we want to do a simple. Video on how to get into tig welding what these mistakes are how to avoid them how to correct them. So im gonna put a tig torch together run some beads make some mistakes show you how to correct all.

That okay quite simply this arc tig torch and im going to put it all together and explain a few. Things this is a 17 air-cooled torch 17 series and it says fv on it f means that itll flex. I dont care about that right now im just telling you the ability of this what this means f means. Flex v means valve we have this torch on this machine because we run multiple processes and procedures were doing. All kinds of stuff it just happened to be on here today just dont worry about this im just gonna.

Leave it open all the time so first things first we have three 30 second or two point four millimeter. Tungsten iii i need to have a collet and a collet body that are sized to the tungsten the collet. Has a slit down through here and it works like this this will slip through here easily until i put. A little pressure on it okay and now its kind of stuck in there so how this all works is. When i thread that when i get everything in the torch the back cap pushes on the back shoulder of.

This forcing it into a standard collet body so by this being pushed on the back side of this its. Now i cant put enough pressure on there with my fingernail but ill show you in a minute this is. What holds the tungsten in place so the way all this goes together your copper alloy fine threads theyre soft. Youd be careful with them same thing inside the torch be careful across the reading and theres no reason to. Over tighten anything so im gonna thread this up here until i feel it bump or shoulder up in there.

Now its seated and i didnt over tighten it i dont need to grab needlenose or any kind of pliers. And crank down on this thing okay next thing is the back cap again find threads soft threads there is. A surface back here that lines up with the back of the collet so im going to insert this ill. Also notice that theres an o-ring on here and that keeps your gas going through the torch not out the. Back side and im gonna thread this on until i feel it touch or bump okay im gonna check this.

Again and then we can insert the tungsten up inside the collet through the collet body this is loose and. Im going to turn this until i feel it touch or bump and this is now snug and thats all. It really needs to thats all it ever really needs to happen heres what i noticed as far as problems. I have students that come to me and they say well my tungsten is loose and i cant get it. To stay in the collet 99% of the time i already know whats happened whats happened was and im gonna.

Back this off a little bit and im gonna loosen this and now im gonna thread this down when somebody. Was messing with the torture putting it together they probably had this threaded down all the way big mistake they. Had this down snug and then they threaded the collet and call it body up there guess what this is. Still loose you know and then the first natural reaction is when we crank down on this i know ill. Tighten that thing up ill get her to stay it doesnt happen that way okay or they might take the.

Cup and thread it on harder up into this insulator you can tighten all this stuff and it just does. This is still loose you know itll still move so the key things are back this off you dont need. To back it off all the way but back it off substantial look how much im turning this turn in. A half at least okay and bump this up here hand tight this is loose and we thread this back. On here until we just barely feel it touch now its snug again torture i operate at home i have.

A demonstration machine i mean any student can use it i dont have a problem with that but since i. Use it all the time i have a medium back cap and i have a tig torch on there and. I i can use the same components for years and not replace them because i dont over-tighten anything next thing. Is the cup standard collet body standard cup there is a number on here these are whole numbers four five. Six seven eight ten the whole number indicates the id the opening here in sixteen so a number seven cup.

Would be seven sixteen point four three seven five for you decimal hounds and im gonna thread this up in. Here gently until it touches and seats into the insulator now we have a seal for our gas as the. Gas is forced into the cup its not coming out the back side because we mentioned the o-ring were threaded. In here and were snug i got to back that off and answer your next question which is how far. Can i stick that tungsten out of that cup guy has a general rule if you have a number seven.

Cup on here which we do then you can stick that they can extend the tungsten out about 7/16 you. Have a window i know that we do a lot of videos and well stick it out there so that. We can get a good camera angle for you to see thats what were gonna do today so to review. Weve inserted a collet and call it by weve inserted the back cap which lid the tungsten up here we. Have things properly seated im snug i turned that back a quarter of a turn im loose okay turn that.

Back at bump im touching again i guess at this point we could talk about the tungsten today im using. A 3/32 iii tungsten and i have sharpened this to a thirty degree point im just gonna keep it real. Simple i just want that taper that point on there yeah thats pretty short so we want to demonstrate how. To hold the torch i want to demonstrate some problems that we can run into with with too long of. An art too much angle we just want to keep it simple and run some beads next thing we need.

To do is set up our machine so we need gas post slow post flow is for this when i. Get through welding this tungsten is red-hot it needs time it needs to be protected from the atmosphere by an. Inert gas while the tungsten is cooling down so i need to give it several seconds otherwise it can become. Oxidized by the atmosphere ive had a lot of students say well those flow cools your tungsten off really im. Pretty sure that gas is superheated as its been running through a superheated tip here or torch so think of.

Post flow is protecting your tungsten as its cooling off you can also use post flow over material good habit. To get into and you terminate the art leave your post flow over your material not critical on carbon steel. It is critical on stainless steel that helps out a bunch so lets set our machine up and get to. Welding we have our tick torch put together and now we need to get some gas behind it real simple. Were going to put a regulator flow meter on to this cylinder and heres the important thing theres a ball.

In here that loads for your flow your adjustable flow we need to always turn this on slowly okay you. Come over here and create doesnt matter if this is cranked down all the way with no flow you come. Over here and rip this cylinder open it sends that ball up inside this tube and ive seen them croc. Before and then you gotta send them in for repair or you got to replace this inner tube so always. Come over here and open this up slowly see the ball just jumped on its own there and then were.

Reading tank pressure at about twelve hundred something pounds psi pounds per square inch okay so if we just turn. That on slow then were not going to destroy our flow meter regardless of brand now we need to turn. The machine on and go through some simple settings and i will reach over step over and i will depress. The foot pedal to make sure that we have the proper flow and we only need about were in a. Shop here with no wind blowing we could get by with fifteen cubic feet to our i probably set it.

At about fifteen to twenty so lets turn the machine on well step in here on this particular machine which. Is an everlasting 200 dv i want to set 125 amperage 125 amps or on dc direct current i dont. Want any of the pulse or any of the other features on there im on 2 t pedal im going. To be operating off of the foot pedal its going to have a high frequency start the only other thing. I dont want any pre flow all i want is about seven to eight seconds of post flow we talked.

About post flow and how were protecting the tungsten as it cools off so that it doesnt oxidize to the. Atmosphere turning all this other stuff off its not even in the circuit so real simple dc 125 amps high. Frequency start on the pedal seven to eight seconds of post floats all i want to do okay lets get. Down to the business into this how does all this work what are we doing gas tungsten arc welding were. Using the tungsten as a heat source that is the arc we have inert gas in this case argon flowing.

Through our nozzle to protect the weld pool from the atmosphere so when we weld this is always a forward. Process its always a forward process with mig welding and stick welding theres a drag angle or a push angle. This is a push angle at all times if you try to drag tig sometimes youll get its like a. Venturi effect youd get a air pocket that gets introduced in here and you create porosity porosity is bug holes. In your weld its not fun so this is always a forward angle now i have this lean forward i.

Want to say thats about ten or fifteen degrees or so and i want to start here and i want. A weld in this direction if i was going to do this right-handed i would do this just the opposite. And i would lean it this direction and weld i would lean it back over here and and do this. In this direction right to left about 1015 degrees does it have to be exact no you do have a. Window you can go straight in you can lean this forward a little bit more but heres what ive seen.

Happen ive had people come in and they want me to they want me to get them going and ill. Demonstrate it and ill demonstrate just running beads which is what were gonna start out doing no filler wire were. Just going to run some straight beads and ill demonstrate it ill step away and theyll go over to their. Booth and theyll come back and theyll say whatd i do wrong and theyll have this hazy brown will reproduce. It im sure well have this hazy brown looking weird oxide looking on the plate heres whats happened theyve leaned.

This torch way over like this as one of the things that can cause it theyll lean this torch way. Over like this okay and theyll try to weld like that or they get too long of an arc okay. Too long of an arc the weld pool is not its not really underneath the tungsten its all over the. Place and you have more of a chance of getting oxides in because your gas shield your content your weld. Pool is outside of your gas shield so we might be way up here things are going everywhere okay these.

Folks may have gotten confused between here and the filler wire being introduced low so probably what happened was if. I was demonstrating this this is dead 90 degrees and i leaned it over and said 15 degrees and we. May have been to the point where we were running filler wire and i said always keep your filler wire. Low down here this is about 15 degrees from horizontal this is about 15 degrees from vertical now heres another. Thing that gets real sensitive if you cant see youre not gonna be able to weld we need to maintain.

A short arc length and when i say short arc length this tungsten is right on top of the plate. Its touching the plate our arc length needs to be up here for optimum control lets say that it needs. To be an eighth of an inch and we need to keep it right in there about an eighth okay. So if you cant if you have a hard time seeing that then youre gonna have a hard time doing. This welding process and ive experienced that with a lot of people over the years you know if you cant.

If you cant get this good focal point right down in here and keep your arc length about an eighth. Then you may have trouble obviously if you touch the tungsten into your weld pool youre done you need to. Stop and you need to resharpen and clean this point on your tungsten its very important ive seen a lot. Of people like i still dip a tungsten i do it all the time it happens but ive seen a. Lot of people theyll theyll dip and dab and theyll get this tungsten all mank tup on the end it.

Looks like a q-tip and theyre trying to weld with it not good were gonna reproduce all these problems that. Can go on one more thing as far as vision if you dont have clean lenses on your hood if. You are one of these that this thing is all dusty and its had welding sparks and stuff all over. It and its brown and cobbled up and the inside is all scratched up then you might as well just. Smear some mud on your windshield and go on a foggy day and go drive the interstate because thats about.

The same thing really if you cant see out of your hood and you cant acquire clear vision youre going. To be in trouble with this process and with a lot of processes you cant see the edge of the. Weld the edges of the weld the bead height those are all critical things so fresh lenses take care of. Your equipment its vitally important i think for your success so lets get some gloves on and well run some. Beads and then well create some problems will well do some things wrong okay were ready to weld again this.

Is a forward process im welding left-handed ive got this set up where we can film it we can zoom. In close the arc length needs to be about this distance away about an eighth of an inch away i. Always need to keep the tungsten off of the material but i dont really want to exceed this eighth of. An inch we will show you what happens when you do if you do so just to run a couple. Of simple beads im gonna depress the foot pedal to initiate the arc by high-frequency this machine i dont need.

To touch the tungsten to initiate the arc so when i depress the foot pedal the gas is going to. Come on the amperage will come up the arcs already initiated amperage will come up im just going to slowly. Push it all the way down im using a hundred and twenty five amps lets see what that looks like. Well do that again the width of my bead is approximately 3/16 im going to do that again it also. Felt like i was pretty much straight up im going to lean this toward me about that 15 degrees we.

Were talking about and just run a normal beat when i terminated these two beads i came over here and. I just slowly normally left off the foot pedal it leaves a little bit of a button glass right here. The silicon deposit or the impurities from the material not that big a deal theyre clean there is a couple. Of floaties in here im not alarmed by it one more time that time i let off the foot pedal. Slower so that the arc taper out a little bit okay all these beads are about the same width heres.

Why my travel speed is fairly consistent by the way ive got my wrist up here and im sure with. This cranked up high-power zoom lens that weve got you can see every bit of my shaking going on and. Thats kind of normal when sometimes when i get my wrist up here i get two i get two really. Going at it but im just trying to relax im hanging on to this lightly your travel speed is your. Bead width to a certain extent okay with this process if im running the wrong it running along normal like.

I have been here and my bead width is about 3/16 if all of a sudden i increase my travel. Speed and speed up my bead will get real narrow okay so lets do one of those ill run about. Half of this normal the second half im going to race forward and show you what your bead would look. Like if you increase travel speed im blending these beads together you may not be able to see that let. Me run that one more time and away from these beads so when i started out i started my normal.

Speed 125 amps all of these beads are running 125 amps im not doing anything to the amperage im not. Doing anything with the foot control so this is pedal all the way down 125 i started out at normal. Speed when i got to about right in here i increased the travel speed quite a bit the width of. My bead became narrow now with this particular process with two gas tungsten arc welding or tig welding im gonna. Do just the opposite im gonna start out and go normal speed to about right in here it should look.

Just like this and then im gonna slow way way down but i dont think its gonna matter a whole. Lot i dont think that we the bead is going to get real wide or do anything drastic not like. This here so lets experiment with that so on this bead that we just ran we started what we normally. Did on all these other beads we started out and we ran our normal travel speed to about right here. And then we slowed way way down and we ran along here about all im doing it got it got.

Slightly bigger what you really see is all my little movements in here everything everywhere theres a little ripple in. Here is me moving and jerking around when i got out here to the end i just stopped and paused. And left it on 125 amps the bead didnt grow real big thats the only thing i did was just. Pour a whole bunch of heat into this is all okay so things to remember if you want the normal. Travel speed youre gonna get about the same width and thats what you want if you race forward or you.

Vary your travel speed between normal fast normal youre gonna see variations in width or your beam so one of. The exercises that we try to do with this process is to take a plate like this and try to. Run straight line beads all the way across the exam width and just try to make them straight same with. Make them all exactly the same as close as possible its a good exercise okay now how about we do. Some problems how about we create some things that we talked about with too long of an arc ill even.

Stub one into the material will will change the angle quite a bit well change the angle and increase and. See what happens first thing we need to do here were going to create some problems so the first thing. We need to do is probably do too much torch angle weve been saying that we need to go about. 10 15 degrees in a leading angle and go this direction so lets lean this rascal over and go way. Over here and just see what happens okay not much i am probably a little amazed that it stayed together.

And didnt get ferocity the beat is narrower i know im not directing this art down into the material so. Lets try that again one thing i did notice was the bead wasnt didnt have the normal arc shape to. It it kind of started out and laid in there at an angle so lets try that again i know. Im not directing this into the plate as well the bead is automatically narrower im doing normal travel speed normal. Amperage i did notice that i had this thing laid down so far that im dragging the cup in here.

And as im dragging the cup its making it hard for me to move so i wouldnt learn how to. Do welding that way with this process i wouldnt learn how to tig by leaning it way over like that. And keeping it clean i still like this control type thing where were directing the art into the material now. Lets do this lets start out normal normal arc length and ill start increasing the arc length where its way. Too long we should see variations in the width of the bead we may see oxides lets give it a.

Go well thats extreme again we have porosity we have created porosity but i didnt get that brown nasty as. Looks the series of bug holes in here this one over here we do have a slight variation in width. But i you know again this this gas envelope must have been reacting to the point where it kind of. Protected it but we have created porosity we do have a color differentiation here between you know nice and clean. We got dark and weird down here but thats what ive seen ive seen people that i guess its they.

Just see the bright light they cant judge that critical distance because they cant see the tip of the tungsten. So they have no clue where that arc length is and thats how they get that long arc on there. Now lets go through a couple of scenarios i need to show you how to correctly add filler wire i. Need to show you how to incorrectly add filler wire probably need to go ahead and stub the tungsten into. The molten weld pool thats always fun that will get me up to out of the chair and over to.

The grind bench to redress the tungsten okay correct way to add filler wire im leaning the tungsten normal arc. Length i want to introduce filler wire on the leading edge leading edge of the weld pool what i dont. Want to do is melt the wire with the arc and have it fall onto the material its not cool. Correct way to add wire in my opinion dab dab dab dab dab dab bead width was slightly narrower than. Our normal runs over here without filler wire and youll see ridges in here every one of those ridges is.

When i was adding filler wire it cools the pool its a mass going into the molten melt weld pool. And thats what creates that ridge in there that term of everybody uses of stacking dimes thats every time they. Add filler wire in there how much do you add i personally like to think whatever when im doing this. Process and this exercise whatever the filler wire diameter is thats how much im kind of pushing into the weld. Pool let me show you a different method where im just barely touching the pool and ill do it multiple.

Times quickly again this is still clean this is yet another method and i dont personally care for this method. Because i think it builds bad habits when we get into advanced joint configurations but let me show it 00:31. To you knowing how to do that is fine but when we get into aluminum work or we get into. Some stainless work we need to be able to be accurate control that filler wire and put it on the. Leading edge and actually push a little bit in there especially when we get to the aluminum part of it.

Thin low-crowned aluminum welds in my opinion are weak we need to kind of push some material in there so. Itll sink and thats where you get that diamond fact that stacking effect okay we need to run some more. Wrong here with the filler wire when i said we dont want to melt the wire with the arc we. Want to put it in the pool lets see what that looks like real quick im gonna run over some. Of these clean beads over here to begin with 00:32 long art and melting the wire with the art theyve.

Got two things going on okay i got a couple of things going on here im not in control of. My web tool per se yeah im making one but im also making turds and theyre falling on the plate. Turds are coming off the end of the wire here theres one of them im still turd okay so im. Forcing myself to weld bad here and you can see the results thats long art and im not directing the. Art down into the plate to create the pool im kind of long arcing and im making im making the.

Wire melt off with the arc and then its fallen hopefully it falls in the right spot lets go for. The old tungsten dip here i should be real good at this exercise im going to create a weld pool. Weld for 00:33 a little bit absolutely stab my tongue stand into the molten weld pool and see if i. Can keep going okay im gonna stop right there and im also gonna hold it right there for a reason. And ive seen this happen many times remember when i said everything is soft copper and brass alloys fine threads.

And stuff plus your torch is heated up if i go jerking around on this thing and trying to break. This tungsten off what do you think im actually doing im kind of tearing up that collar collet body thing. Cool thing to do if youre cool is remember come up here and loosen this and extract the torch off. Of the tungsten thats the cool thing to do also while were on that subject 00:34 tungsten is extremely brittle. So im going to try to recover this and i reach down here and broke it off so i no.

Longer have the integrity of my sharpen point so now im going to start welding without a clean sharpened point. And well see what happens well this is pretty amazing here im trying to mess everything up and its welding. Just fine you know i really thought that was gonna get all tore up and ive got a crappy end. On here and it welded kind of good so now i want to stab the filler wire into the tungsten. 00:35 while im weld and see if i can do that so now i accidentally acted in accidentally i actually.

Put the filler wire onto the tungsten with a normal arc length and created a q-tip ive done this a. Lot teaching myself how to do back feeding on open root piping and stuff stop let it cool off break. That end and redress it completely but were going to were going to weld with it to see what happens. This is where i think that we might produce the the weird brown orangie looking haze the nasty contamination stuff. So lets go over one 00:36 of these beads over here and see if we can get it all right.

Well some of you know me well enough some of you just coming o

Method 2 – Phil Mickelson: Chipping 101

Note – This section will be updated soon.

Method 3 – Carpentry 101: Basics Of Wood Framing With Mattbangswood [#1]

Whats going on guys welcome back to the channel my name is matt pinella with matt bangs wood and today. Were going to go over the basics of wall framing were going to touch base on everything from bottom plate. To top plate everything in between you guys will know the names for all these pieces that go into a. Wall not only that youll know what they do and why theyre there if youre new here hit that subscribe.

Button down below lets make it happen so i want to make something clear before we get this video started. Everything were about to talk about has five to ten different names throughout the building industry it changes wherever youre. At so please dont blow me up in the comments saying that what i called it is incorrect because there. Is a ton of different names whatever your boss calls it or whatever you decide you want to call it. Thats what it is so were going to start down here at the bottom the very very lowest piece of.

A wall is called a bottom plate or a mud sill the purpose of this plate is to anchor the. Wall down as you can see we have small bolts like this that are embedded into the concrete they look. Something like that right up there we drill a hole through our mud cell when were plating for where that. Anchor bolt goes and then we tighten down that anchor bolt and it fastens this wall to the concrete now. Since this plate is touch and concrete you can see that its directly on concrete it has to be a.

Treated piece of lumber the mud cell is a borate treated piece of material also known as pressure treated the. Reason its known as pressure treated is the process that it actually takes to treat the lumber it goes into. A chamber and pressure and vacuums do their thing to pull all the chemicals through the material our material here. Is treated all the way through you might also be able to tell that its pressure treated by the little. Slits all the way down the mate.

Conclusion – How To 101

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